The Rise of R&D Spending in China

While American and Russian spending on Research and Development has stagnated, China has steadily increased its spending since 2000. China spent 2.4x the percentage of its Gross Domestic Product in 2016 compared to 2000.

Unit: Expenditures, as a Percentage of GDP

Year United States China Russia
2000 2.62 0.89 0.98
2001 2.64 0.94 1.09
2002 2.55 1.06 1.16
2003 2.55 1.12 1.19
2004 2.49 1.21 1.07
2005 2.51 1.31 0.99
2006 2.55 1.37 1.00
2007 2.63 1.37 1.04
2008 2.77 1.44 0.97
2009 2.82 1.66 1.16
2010 2.74 1.71 1.05
2011 2.77 1.78 1.01
2012 2.69 1.91 1.03
2013 2.72 1.99 1.03
2014 2.73 2.02 1.07
2015 2.74 2.07 1.10
2016 2.74 2.12 1.10

Source: OECD Main Science and Technology Indicators, Gross Domestic Expenditure on Research and Development (GERD) as a Percentage of GDP.

http://stats.oecd.org/OECDStat_Metadata/ShowMetadata.ashx?Dataset=MSTI_Pub&ShowOnWeb=true&Lang=en


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