Weekly News Roundup: Week of 3/31
Stay in the loop about global issues with our list of this week’s major happenings in international relations:
News From Our Faculty
- Petro-aggression: How Russia’s oil makes war more likely – Assistant Professor Jeff Colgan – The Washington Post
Three main storylines crop up when people talk about energy’s role in the crisis. The first is the natural gas that Russia sells to Ukraine at heavily subsidized prices, in exchange for letting additional natural gas flow through to European customers. In 2006 and again in 2009, Russia’s Gazprom turned off the gas to try to force Ukraine’s behavior to change, which led to shortages in Ukraine and in Europe. Would Russia try the same trick again?
International Relations Online at American University
- Where Are We Now? The Millennium Development Goals — Part Two
In 2000, the United Nations (UN) adopted the Millennium Declaration. Eight ambitious goals sprang from this declaration as UN member states agreed to work toward the alleviation of extreme poverty. The third and fourth goals on the list relate to gender equality and the reduction of child mortality rates. Both issues are long-standing objectives of the UN. The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) was adopted in 1979, and UNICEF was formed in 1946 to protect the lives of the world’s most vulnerable children.
- Where Are We Now? The Millennium Development Goals — Part One
In September 2000, the member nations comprising the United Nations (UN) convened at the New York headquarters to adopt the Millennium Declaration. Eight individual goals were developed to alleviate extreme poverty and its underlying causes. Collectively, these are known as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Using 1990 as a base year for measurement, the UN set out to achieve the MDGs before December 31, 2015. UN member states, along with several developmental institutions such as the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the World Bank, agreed to work toward these goals.
International Relations News:
- CNN – Russia recalls ambassador to NATO amid Ukraine tensions
Russia recalled its ambassador to NATO for consultations Thursday, two days after NATO member countries suspended cooperation with Russia over the Ukraine crisis, Russian state media reported. Col. Gen. Valery Yevnevich will return to Moscow in light of NATO’s actions, official news agency ITAR-Tass said, citing Russian Deputy Defence Minister Anatoly Antonov’s remarks to journalists.
- The Guardian – Genocide in Rwanda was a fork in the road not just for Africa but the world
‘Rwanda is our nightmare, South Africa is our dream,” wrote the Nigerian author Wole Soyinka, reflecting on the events of April 1994 – the most momentous month in Africa’s post-independence history. Even as South Africans formed endless human chains to vote for Nelson Mandela as their first black president and bury racial apartheid under euphoria, hundreds of thousands of people were being murdered in a tiny east African country away from the the global gaze.
- Reuters – Palestinian U.N. moves designed to avoid U.S. retaliation
When Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas signed onto 15 international conventions on Tuesday, he shocked the U.S. sponsors of troubled Middle East peace talks. But the move was carefully limited to avoid American retaliation.
Missed last week’s international relations news stories? Take a look at our Weekly News Roundups.